Risk Factors and Complications of Food Poisoning

Risk Factors and Complications of Food Poisoning

Any living being can be the victim of food poisoning which can get worse if proper treatment is not provided. You need to be wise enough to know what is causing what and how it should be treated. More than this you need to know what complications food poisoning can cause you. First take a look at what is food poisoning and check how much you knew about it?

What is food poisoning?

Food poisoning is also called foodborne illness. This illness is caused by eating food that is contaminated. Infectious organisms live in food that is kept for a long time in the fridge or bought from stalls outside. These infectious organisms include parasites, bacteria, viruses and even toxins of these also lead to food poisoning.

What do the infectious organisms do?

The infectious organisms are the main cause of food poisoning. The food contaminated with it runs in the body and make the body infectious too. The food can become contaminated at any time. Either during cooking, processing or even production. Homemade food if not cooked properly or handled may even give rise to organisms which may cause food poisoning.

What are the most prominent food poisoning symptoms?

The major symptoms that causes food poisoning are:

  • Vomiting
  • Watery diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Fever
  • Abdominal cramps and pain

These signs begin to appear after a while when you have intake the contaminated food.

Risk Factors

Whether you suffer from slight food poisoning or worse, the amount of exposure you get and the risks depend on the age group. The major age groups affected by this are:

  • Pregnant Women

The changes in the metabolism and circulation increase during pregnancy that also increases the risk of food poisoning. The chances are rare but if the food poisoning gets worse during pregnancy then the child also might get affected from it.

  • Chronic Disease Victims

People having chronic diseases such as AIDS, diabetes or liver diseases reduces the immune system thus letting the infectious organisms in easily. This automatically creates higher risks of food poisoning.

  • Elderly People

The more you age the more your immune system gets weak. Thus, older people are prone to food poisoning.

  • Infants and Toddlers

Underdeveloped immune system automatically invites in bacteria which can lead to food poisoning.


There are various types of food poisoning which have their own kind of complications. Here are some complications that can form for certain people:

  • Escherichia Coli (E.Coli)

Some E.coli strains occur which cause major complication called the hemolytic uremic syndrome. This damages the kidney blood vessels which can result in kidney failure too. People with weak immune system are prone to be affected by E.coli.

  • Listeria Monocytogenes

Listeria food poisoning can lead to miscarriage for a pregnant woman. It can also cause premature birth or still birth. Delayed development and long-term neurological damage also occurs due to Listeria food poisoning.

Keep your bodies safe from contaminated food and build stronger immune system by eating healthy. Try to stick to homemade meals for safer health.

Details about food poisoning symptoms